A buffalo is a large, ox-like animal with horns and shaggy fur. In North America, a buffalo is another name for a bison.

There are various types of buffalo around the word, including South Asia’s water buffalo and the African buffalo, but the bison is the most well-known type of buffalo in the US. You can also use the word as a verb, meaning “to intimidate,” and when it’s capitalized, Buffalo is a city in New York state. These various meanings have resulted in the longest sentence in English that uses only one word: “Buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo.”

Definitions of buffalo
  1. noun

    any of several Old World animals resembling oxen including, e.g., water buffalo; Cape buffalo

    Old World buffalo
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    Asiatic buffalo, Bubalus bubalis, water buffalo, water ox

    an Asian buffalo that is often domesticated for use as a draft animal
    Anoa depressicornis, anoa, dwarf buffalo

    small buffalo of the Celebes having small straight horns
    Anoa mindorensis, Bubalus mindorensis, tamarao, tamarau

    small buffalo of Mindoro in the Philippines
    Cape buffalo, Synercus caffer

    large often savage buffalo of southern Africa having upward-curving horns; mostly in game reserves
    Indian buffalo

    upland buffalo of eastern Asia where true water buffaloes do not thrive; used for draft and milk

    water buffalo of the Philippines
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    hollow-horned ruminants

  2. noun

    large shaggy-haired brown bison of North American plains

    American bison, American buffalo, Bison bison
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    any of several large humped bovids having shaggy manes and large heads and short horns

  3. noun

    meat from an American bison

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    the flesh of wild animals that is used for food

  4. verb

    intimidate or overawe

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    cow, overawe

    subdue, restrain, or overcome by affecting with a feeling of awe; frighten (as with threats)

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