Medical Terminology

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definitions & notes
only words

  1. abdominal

    relating to or near the middle region of the body
  2. abdominoplasty

    cosmetic surgery of the abdomen to remove wrinkles and tighten the skin over the stomach
  3. abdominocentesis

    centesis of the belly to remove fluid for diagnosis
  4. abdominal aorta

    a branch of the descending aorta
  5. abdominous

    having a large belly
  6. abduction

    the criminal act of carrying someone away by force
  7. aberrant

    markedly different from an accepted norm
  8. abiogenesis

    a hypothetical organic phenomenon by which living organisms are created from nonliving matter
  9. acrocyanosis

    cyanosis of the extremities
  10. acrophobia

    a morbid fear of great heights
  11. acromegaly

    enlargement of bones of hands and feet and face
  12. active

    characterized by energetic movement
  13. acute

    ending in a sharp point
  14. acute gastritis

    gastritis caused by ingesting an irritant
  15. acute pyelonephritis

    pyelonephritis resulting from the spread of a bladder infection
  16. tendon

    a band of tissue connecting a muscle to its bony attachment
  17. adduction

    moving of a body part toward the central axis of the body
  18. adenitis

    inflammation of a gland or lymph node
  19. adenocarcinoma

    malignant tumor originating in glandular epithelium
  20. adenoma

    a benign epithelial tumor of glandular origin
  21. adhesion

    the property of sticking together
  22. afebrile

    having no fever
  23. akinesia

    motionlessness attributable to a temporary paralysis
  24. alopecia

    partial or complete loss of hair
  25. amenia

    absence or suppression of normal menstrual flow
  26. amenorrhea

    absence or suppression of normal menstrual flow
  27. amniocentesis

    (pregnancy) extraction by centesis of amniotic fluid from a pregnant woman (after the 15th week of pregnancy) to aid in the diagnosis of fetal abnormalities
  28. amnion

    thin innermost membranous sac enclosing the developing embryo of higher vertebrates (reptiles, birds and mammals)
  29. amniotic

    of or related to the amnion or characterized by developing an amnion
  30. amniotic fluid

    the serous fluid in which the embryo is suspended inside the amnion
  31. amniotic sac

    thin innermost membranous sac enclosing the developing embryo of higher vertebrates (reptiles, birds and mammals)
  32. analgesia

    absence of the sense of pain without loss of consciousness
  33. anastomosis

    a natural or surgical joining of parts or branches of tubular structures so as to make or become continuous
  34. anemia

    a deficiency of red blood cells
  35. anemic

    relating to or having a deficiency of red blood cells
  36. anencephalous

    characterized by partial or total absence of a brain
  37. anesthesia

    loss of bodily sensation
  38. anesthesiologist

    a specialist who administers an anesthetic to a patient before he is treated
  39. anesthesiology

    the branch of medical science that studies and applies anesthetics
  40. aneurysm

    an abnormal bulge caused by weakening of an artery wall
  41. angioplasty

    an operation to repair a damaged blood vessel or unblock a coronary artery
  42. neurofibroma

    tumor of the fibrous covering of a peripheral nerve
  43. angiology

    the branch of medical science that studies the blood and lymph vessels and their disorders
  44. Anodonta

    thin-shelled freshwater mussels
  45. anomaly

    deviation from the normal or common order, form, or rule
  46. anopia

  47. anorexia

    a prolonged disorder of eating due to loss of appetite
  48. antepartum

    occurring or existing before birth
  49. antipyretic

    preventing or alleviating fever
  50. anuresis

    inability to urinate
  51. anuria

    inability to urinate
  52. aphasia

    inability to use language because of a brain lesion
  53. aplasia

    failure of some tissue or organ to develop
  54. apnea

    temporary cessation of breathing, especially while sleeping
  55. apneic

    of or relating to apnea
  56. arteriosclerosis

    sclerosis of the arterial walls
  57. arthritis

    inflammation of a joint or joints
  58. arthroplasty

    surgical reconstruction or replacement of a malformed or degenerated joint
  59. asepsis

    the process of inhibiting the growth and multiplication of microorganisms
  60. asymptomatic

    having no signs or manifestations of an illness or disease
  61. atherosclerotic

    of or relating to atherosclerosis
  62. atrophy

    a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse
  63. benign

    kind in disposition or manner
  64. biopsy

    the removal and examination of tissue from a living body
  65. blastoderm

    a layer of cells on the inside of the blastula
  66. blastoderm

    a layer of cells on the inside of the blastula
  67. blepharitis

    inflammation of the eyelids characterized by redness and swelling and dried crusts
  68. blepharitis

    inflammation of the eyelids characterized by redness and swelling and dried crusts
  69. blepharospasm

    spasm of the eyelid muscle resulting in closure of the eye
  70. blepharism

    condition in which a person blinks continuously
  71. bradycardia

    abnormally slow heartbeat
  72. bradycardia

    abnormally slow heartbeat
  73. bronchiolitis

    inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchioles
  74. bronchitis

    inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchial tubes
  75. bronchopneumonia

    pneumonia characterized by acute inflammation of the walls of the bronchioles
  76. bronchoscope

    a slender tubular instrument used to examine the bronchial tubes
  77. bronchospasm

    a spasm of the bronchi that makes exhalation difficult and noisy; associated with asthma and bronchitis
  78. carcinogenic

    causing or tending to cause cancer
  79. carcinoma

    any malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue
  80. cardiac arrest

    absence of systole
  81. cardiology

    the branch of medicine dealing with the heart and its diseases
  82. cardiologist

    a specialist in the structure and function of the heart
  83. cardiology

    the branch of medicine dealing with the heart and its diseases
  84. cardiomegaly

    an abnormal enlargement of the heart
  85. carditis

    inflammation of the heart
  86. cauterization

    the act of coagulating blood and destroying tissue with a hot iron or caustic agent or by freezing
  87. central

    in or near an inner area
  88. cephalalgia

    pain in the head caused by dilation of cerebral arteries or muscle contractions or a reaction to drugs
  89. cephalic

    of or relating to the head
  90. cephalometry

    measurement of human heads
  91. cerebrospinal

    of or relating to the brain and spinal cord
  92. cerebrovascular

    of or relating to the brain and the blood vessels that supply it
  93. cerebrum

    anterior portion of the brain consisting of two hemispheres
  94. cheilitis

    inflammation and cracking of the skin of the lips
  95. cheiloschisis

    a congenital cleft in the middle of the upper lip
  96. cheilosis

    a disorder of the lips marked by scaling and fissures at the corners of the mouth; caused by a deficiency of riboflavin
  97. chemotherapy

    the use of chemical agents to treat or control disease
  98. Cheyne-Stokes respiration

    abnormal respiration in which periods of shallow and deep breathing alternate
  99. cholecystectomy

    surgical removal of the gall bladder
  100. cholecystitis

    inflammation of the gall bladder
  101. cholecalciferol

    a fat-soluble vitamin that prevents rickets
  102. abdominous

    having a large belly
  103. chondrodystrophy

    an inherited skeletal disorder beginning before birth
  104. chronic

    long-lasting or characterized by long suffering
  105. chronic pyelonephritis

    pyelonephritis that develops slowly and can lead to renal failure if untreated; often associated with a kidney stone or with narrowing of the urinary passageways
  106. circumduction

    a circular movement of a limb or eye
  107. climacteric

    the time in a woman's life in which the menstrual cycle ends
  108. colic

    acute abdominal pain, especially in infants
  109. colitis

    inflammation of the colon
  110. celiocentesis

    removal of fluid from the abdomen by centesis
  111. colonoscope

    an elongated fiberoptic endoscope for examining the entire colon from cecum to rectum
  112. conception

    the creation of something in the mind
  113. corneal

    of or related to the cornea
  114. coronary thrombosis

    obstruction of blood flow in a coronary artery by a blood clot (thrombus)
  115. craniotomy

    a surgical opening through the skull
  116. craniometer

    an instrument for measuring skull sizes
  117. uranoplasty

    surgical correction of a defect of the palate
  118. cranium

    the part of the skull that encloses the brain
  119. cryptorchidism

    failure of one or both testes to move into the scrotum as the male fetus develops
  120. cyanosis

    a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes
  121. cystoparalysis

    paralysis of the urinary bladder
  122. cystoplegia

    paralysis of the urinary bladder
  123. cystitis

    inflammation of the urinary bladder and ureters
  124. cytoplast

    the intact cytoplasmic content of a cell
  125. defibrillation

    treatment by stopping fibrillation of heart muscles
  126. dehiscence

    release of material by splitting open of an organ or tissue
  127. dental

    of or relating to the teeth
  128. odontalgia

    an ache localized in or around a tooth
  129. dermatitis

    inflammation of the skin
  130. dermatologist

    a doctor who specializes in the physiology of the skin
  131. dermatome

    a surgical instrument used to cut very thin slices of skin
  132. dermatosis

    disorder involving lesions or eruptions of the skin
  133. diagnosis

    identifying the nature or cause of some phenomenon
  134. diagnostician

    a doctor who specializes in medical diagnosis
  135. diaphragm

    a muscular partition in the chest used in respiration
  136. dilation

    the act of expanding an aperture
  137. diplococcus

    Gram-positive bacteria usually occurring in pairs
  138. diplopia

    visual impairment in which an object is seen as two objects
  139. disease

    an impairment of health
  140. distal

    situated farthest from point of attachment or origin, as of a limb or bone
  141. dorsally

    in a dorsal location or direction
Created on April 4, 2013
(updated April 4, 2013)