Claudere: to close (clos-, claus-, clud-)

From this root we get closet, a space where you can close the door to your possessions. The words "include," "exclude," and "conclude" also grow on this tree.


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Explore the Words

definitions & notes
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  1. claustrophobia

    a morbid fear of being closed in a confined space
    claustrophobia of the hotel room was getting too much for me.
    Who isn't terrified at the thought of being stuck in an elevator? That fear comes from the combination of the Latin "claudere" (to close) and the Greek "-phobia" (fear of).
  2. cloister

    residence that is a place of religious seclusion
    As liberated as she may look, she is
    cloistered.Slate (May 2, 2013)
    Some orders of Catholic nuns are cloistered, which is to say that they live in a closed-off environment, one that is devoted to prayer without the distractions of the outside world. The example sentence refers to a cloistered nun who nevertheless maintains a liberal mindset.
  3. disclose

    make known to the public information previously kept secret
    The financial terms and other details of the licensing deal were not
    With the prefix "dis-" meaning "not," we can see how this word is put together. The noun form, "disclosure" is often used in a legal context, as both sides of a legal dispute are required to reveal (disclose) their evidence to the other before trial.
  4. inclusive

    encompassing much or everything
    Economic growth must be sustainable and
    inclusive across rural and urban areas.
    "Inclusive" is the adjective form of the verb "include," while the noun form is "inclusion." To include someone or something is to close within a group.
  5. exclusive

    not divided or shared with others
    Panorama has been given
    exclusive access to this data and has found large gaps.
    "Exclusive," the opposite of "inclusive," has to do with closing off undesirable people or things. An exclusive club, for example, excludes everyone except a certain kind. When a journalist says she has an "exclusive," she means that she has a story that has been closed to everyone else.
  6. seclusion

    the quality of being removed from the presence of others
    "The soldier was disarmed and has since been put on guarded
    seclusion," he said, adding that appropriate action would be taken after the investigation.
    To be "secluded" is to be closed off. A person who lives in seclusion lives all alone, closed off from society. Such a person is called a hermit or a recluse.
  7. recluse

    one who lives in solitude
    There he lived, practically a
    recluse, his simple wants being attended to by one aged servant, Martha.Futrelle, Jacques
    A recluse is a person who lives all alone, secluded from society. Such people are sometimes called hermits. The adjective to describe a recluse is "reclusive."
  8. foreclosure

    proceedings initiated to repossess the collateral for a loan
    “These flagrant violations put homeowners in New York and across the nation at greater risk of
    The word "foreclosure" is usually used to refer to a situation where the bank, or whoever held the mortgage on a house or other dwelling, takes it away because of lack of monthly payment.
  9. conclusive

    forming a decisive end or resolution
    conclusive evidence about a treatment's effectiveness is rarely found in a single study.
    The word "conclusive" is the adjective form of "conclude," the noun form being "conclusion." With the prefix "con-" meaning "with" and the root "clus-" meaning "closed," we can see how this word is put together.
  10. closure

    something settled or resolved
    closures on many of the city's main roads caused traffic gridlock, prompting some to abandon their vehicles.Scientific American (Jun 22, 2013)
    "Closure" is simply a state of being closed or ended. We hear about people experiencing closure when they have come to terms with something, usually something tragic, such as a death. When the loose ends are tied up and the details have been attended to, and a person can speak about a loss without feeling acute pain, we say that they have had closure.
Created on June 23, 2013
(updated October 5, 2018)