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claustrophobiaa morbid fear of being closed in a confined spaceThe
claustrophobia of the hotel room was getting too much for me.Who isn't terrified at the thought of being stuck in an elevator? That fear comes from the combination of the Latin "claudere" (to close) and the Greek "-phobia" (fear of).
cloisterresidence that is a place of religious seclusionAs liberated as she may look, she is
cloistered.Slate (May 2, 2013)Some orders of Catholic nuns are cloistered, which is to say that they live in a closed-off environment, one that is devoted to prayer without the distractions of the outside world. The example sentence refers to a cloistered nun who nevertheless maintains a liberal mindset.
disclosemake known to the public information previously kept secretThe financial terms and other details of the licensing deal were not
disclosed.With the prefix "dis-" meaning "not," we can see how this word is put together. The noun form, "disclosure" is often used in a legal context, as both sides of a legal dispute are required to reveal (disclose) their evidence to the other before trial.
inclusiveencompassing much or everythingEconomic growth must be sustainable and
inclusive across rural and urban areas."Inclusive" is the adjective form of the verb "include," while the noun form is "inclusion." To include someone or something is to close within a group.
exclusivenot divided or shared with othersPanorama has been given
exclusive access to this data and has found large gaps."Exclusive," the opposite of "inclusive," has to do with closing off undesirable people or things. An exclusive club, for example, excludes everyone except a certain kind. When a journalist says she has an "exclusive," she means that she has a story that has been closed to everyone else.
seclusionthe quality of being removed from the presence of others"The soldier was disarmed and has since been put on guarded
seclusion," he said, adding that appropriate action would be taken after the investigation.To be "secluded" is to be closed off. A person who lives in seclusion lives all alone, closed off from society. Such a person is called a hermit or a recluse.
recluseone who lives in solitudeThere he lived, practically a
recluse, his simple wants being attended to by one aged servant, Martha.Futrelle, JacquesA recluse is a person who lives all alone, secluded from society. Such people are sometimes called hermits. The adjective to describe a recluse is "reclusive."
foreclosureproceedings initiated to repossess the collateral for a loan“These flagrant violations put homeowners in New York and across the nation at greater risk of
foreclosure.”The word "foreclosure" is usually used to refer to a situation where the bank, or whoever held the mortgage on a house or other dwelling, takes it away because of lack of monthly payment.
conclusiveforming a decisive end or resolutionNonetheless,
conclusive evidence about a treatment's effectiveness is rarely found in a single study.The word "conclusive" is the adjective form of "conclude," the noun form being "conclusion." With the prefix "con-" meaning "with" and the root "clus-" meaning "closed," we can see how this word is put together.
closuresomething settled or resolvedRoad
closures on many of the city's main roads caused traffic gridlock, prompting some to abandon their vehicles.Scientific American (Jun 22, 2013)"Closure" is simply a state of being closed or ended. We hear about people experiencing closure when they have come to terms with something, usually something tragic, such as a death. When the loose ends are tied up and the details have been attended to, and a person can speak about a loss without feeling acute pain, we say that they have had closure.
(updated October 5, 2018)