transportation security administration

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definitions & notes
only words

  1. phrasal verb

    an English verb followed by one or more particles where the combination behaves as a syntactic and semantic unit
    The
    phrasal verb pat down then became a noun, pat-down, to refer to a specific instance of frisking.
  2. phrasal

    of or relating to or functioning as a phrase
    The
    phrasal verb pat down then became a noun, pat-down, to refer to a specific instance of frisking.
  3. casework

    close sociological study of a maladjusted person or family for diagnosis and treatment
    Both frisk and pat-down moved from slang to official usage, particularly after the terms were enshrined in legal
    casework such as the 1968 Supreme Court case Terry v.
  4. frisk

    search by running the hands rapidly over the clothing
    Before the pat-down, there was the
    frisk.
  5. TSA

    an agency established in 2001 to safeguard United States transportation systems and insure safe air travel
    While the
    TSA faces backlash against these so-called "enhanced pat-downs" (an unfortunate term reminiscent of "enhanced interrogation techniques" at Guantanamo), plain-old pat-downs have been part of the lexicon of law enforcement for decades.
  6. pat

    hit lightly
    The outrage over new security procedures enforced by the Transportation Security Administration has thrust the word
    pat-down into the news.
  7. Transportation Security Administration

    an agency established in 2001 to safeguard United States transportation systems and insure safe air travel
    The outrage over new security procedures enforced by the
    Transportation Security Administration has thrust the word pat-down into the news.
  8. shotgun shell

    a shell containing lead shot; used in shotguns
    Appellate Rep. 2nd Ser. 222 345 The officer, in making a cursory search or 'pat down' of King for weapons, found two
    shotgun shells in his pocket.
  9. frisking

    the act of searching someone for concealed weapons or illegal drugs
    Though most of this cant never moved beyond the world of thieves,
    frisking entered mainstream usage, eventually becoming a standard term in American law enforcement for searches of suspects' outer garments for weapons or other items concealed underneath.
  10. billfold

    a pocket-sized case for holding paper money
    He said he was facing the wall with his back to the officers and that he didn't know which one had "patted him down" and searched his
    billfold.

    1948 New York Amsterdam News 10 July 25/3 The $10 was taken from him when he was "patted down" by the police on the original arrest, he said.

    1949 Baltimore Afro-American 10 Dec. 4/4 If you drive a new car, especially one of the higher-priced models, you're fair game for Philly police who pat you down like a common criminal even before...

  11. Oxford English Dictionary

    an unabridged dictionary constructed on historical principles
    The
    Oxford English Dictionary includes this expression in its latest online revision of the entry for pat, with citations back to 1953.
  12. slang term

    informal language consisting of words and expressions that are not considered appropriate for formal occasions; often vituperative or vulgar
    In the mid-20th century, a new
    slang term emerged in the U.S. for frisking: "patting someone down."
  13. Oxford English

    the dialect of English spoken at Oxford University and regarded by many as affected and pretentious
    The
    Oxford English Dictionary includes this expression in its latest online revision of the entry for pat, with citations back to 1953.
  14. Afro-American

    an American whose ancestors were born in Africa
    Here are five examples from the 1940s:

    1943 Atlanta Daily World 17 Mar. 6/2 Officer Nash said he patted Wilson down, searching for a weapon and found a big 45-calibre pistol.

    1948 Baltimore
    Afro-American 20 Mar. 2/6 "Then they patted us down to see if we were armed," Miss Mack stated.

    1948 Atlanta Daily World 2 July 5/2 Blaine stated that he raised his hands while office Bryant "patted him down."

  15. put-down

    a crushing remark
    If you're let down (disappointed), it's a letdown; if you're knocked down (laid out in a fight), it's a knock-down; if you're put down (insulted), it's a
    put-down.
  16. enhance

    increase
    While the TSA faces backlash against these so-called "
    enhanced pat-downs" (an unfortunate term reminiscent of "enhanced interrogation techniques" at Guantanamo), plain-old pat-downs have been part of the lexicon of law enforcement for decades.
  17. enhanced

    increased or intensified in value or beauty or quality
    While the TSA faces backlash against these so-called "
    enhanced pat-downs" (an unfortunate term reminiscent of "enhanced interrogation techniques" at Guantanamo), plain-old pat-downs have been part of the lexicon of law enforcement for decades.
  18. snitch

    give away information about somebody
    Elsewhere, Parker includes frisk as a noun:

    You'd
    snitch upon us, and soon have the traps, and fix us, in putting a lap-feeder in our sack, that you or your blowen had prig'd yourselves, though we should stand the frisk for it.

  19. knock-down

    strong enough to knock down or overwhelm
    If you're let down (disappointed), it's a letdown; if you're knocked down (laid out in a fight), it's a
    knock-down; if you're put down (insulted), it's a put-down.
  20. Guantanamo

    a city in southeastern Cuba
    While the TSA faces backlash against these so-called "enhanced pat-downs" (an unfortunate term reminiscent of "enhanced interrogation techniques" at
    Guantanamo), plain-old pat-downs have been part of the lexicon of law enforcement for decades.
  21. Afro

    a rounded thickly curled hairdo
    Here are five examples from the 1940s:

    1943 Atlanta Daily World 17 Mar. 6/2 Officer Nash said he patted Wilson down, searching for a weapon and found a big 45-calibre pistol.

    1948 Baltimore
    Afro-American 20 Mar. 2/6 "Then they patted us down to see if we were armed," Miss Mack stated.

    1948 Atlanta Daily World 2 July 5/2 Blaine stated that he raised his hands while office Bryant "patted him down."

  22. invasive

    gradually intrusive without right or permission
    The TSA's "pat-down procedures" don't require suspicion of a crime in accordance with the Fourth Amendment, which is one reason why critics find the pat-downs of law-abiding travelers to be unnecessarily
    invasive.
  23. outer garment

    a garment worn over other garments
    Though most of this cant never moved beyond the world of thieves, frisking entered mainstream usage, eventually becoming a standard term in American law enforcement for searches of suspects'
    outer garments for weapons or other items concealed underneath.
  24. letdown

    a feeling of dissatisfaction that results when your expectations are not realized
    If you're let down (disappointed), it's a
    letdown; if you're knocked down (laid out in a fight), it's a knock-down; if you're put down (insulted), it's a put-down.
  25. law enforcement

    ensuring obedience to the laws
    While the TSA faces backlash against these so-called "enhanced pat-downs" (an unfortunate term reminiscent of "enhanced interrogation techniques" at Guantanamo), plain-old pat-downs have been part of the lexicon of
    law enforcement for decades.
  26. enshrine

    enclose in a place of worship
    Both frisk and pat-down moved from slang to official usage, particularly after the terms were
    enshrined in legal casework such as the 1968 Supreme Court case Terry v.
  27. feeder

    an outdoor device that supplies food for wild birds
    Elsewhere, Parker includes frisk as a noun:

    You'd snitch upon us, and soon have the traps, and fix us, in putting a lap-
    feeder in our sack, that you or your blowen had prig'd yourselves, though we should stand the frisk for it.

  28. tweet

    a weak chirping sound as of a small bird
    TSAgov has also made the Guantanamo parallel more explicit by
    tweeting about "enhanced rubbing techniques."
  29. OED

    an unabridged dictionary constructed on historical principles
    The earliest
    OED citation is a court case from 1964:

    1964 Calif.

  30. citation

    an official award usually given as formal public statement
    The Oxford English Dictionary includes this expression in its latest online revision of the entry for pat, with
    citations back to 1953.
  31. fair game

    a person who is the aim of an attack (especially a victim of ridicule or exploitation) by some hostile person or influence
    He said he was facing the wall with his back to the officers and that he didn't know which one had "patted him down" and searched his billfold.

    1948 New York Amsterdam News 10 July 25/3 The $10 was taken from him when he was "patted down" by the police on the original arrest, he said.

    1949 Baltimore Afro-American 10 Dec. 4/4 If you drive a new car, especially one of the higher-priced models, you're
    fair game for Philly police who pat you down like a common criminal even before...

  32. holiday season

    a time when many people take holidays
    The way things are going this
    holiday season, travelers will be thinking up many more sarcastic alternatives to the pat-down as they navigate the brave new world of airport security
  33. twitter

    make high-pitched sounds, as of birds
    On
    Twitter, these jibes have often been assigned the hashtag #TSASlogans.
  34. noun

    a content word referring to a person, place, thing or action
    Frisk is remarkably old, as both a verb and a
    noun referring to the act of searching for a weapon or contraband by passing hands over the body of a clothed person.
  35. appellate

    of or relating to or taking account of appeals
    Appellate Rep. 2nd Ser. 222 345 The officer, in making a cursory search or 'pat down' of King for weapons, found two shotgun shells in his pocket.
  36. database

    an organized body of related information
    We can extend that back another decade, thanks to the availability of historical African-American newspapers in the ProQuest digitized
    database.
  37. jibe

    shift from one side of the ship to the other
    On Twitter, these
    jibes have often been assigned the hashtag #TSASlogans.
  38. glossary

    an alphabetical list of technical terms in a field
    George Parker's 1789 book Life's Painter includes an extensive
    glossary of "cant" (the language of the underworld), and frisk is included:

    Frisk'd.

  39. cant

    a slope in the turn of a road or track
    George Parker's 1789 book Life's Painter includes an extensive glossary of "
    cant" (the language of the underworld), and frisk is included:

    Frisk'd.

  40. slang

    informal language that is inappropriate for formal occasions
    In the mid-20th century, a new
    slang term emerged in the U.S. for frisking: "patting someone down."
  41. fake

    something that is a counterfeit; not what it seems to be
    One such
    fake slogan, from the fake Twitter account TSAgov, is: "It's not a grope.
  42. think up

    devise or invent
    The way things are going this holiday season, travelers will be
    thinking up many more sarcastic alternatives to the pat-down as they navigate the brave new world of airport security
  43. down

    spatially or metaphorically from a higher to a lower level
    The outrage over new security procedures enforced by the Transportation Security Administration has thrust the word pat-
    down into the news.
  44. lexicon

    a reference book containing an alphabetical list of words
    While the TSA faces backlash against these so-called "enhanced pat-downs" (an unfortunate term reminiscent of "enhanced interrogation techniques" at Guantanamo), plain-old pat-downs have been part of the
    lexicon of law enforcement for decades.
  45. cursory

    hasty and without attention to detail; not thorough
    Appellate Rep. 2nd Ser. 222 345 The officer, in making a
    cursory search or 'pat down' of King for weapons, found two shotgun shells in his pocket.
  46. law-abiding

    adhering strictly to laws and rules and customs
    The TSA's "pat-down procedures" don't require suspicion of a crime in accordance with the Fourth Amendment, which is one reason why critics find the pat-downs of
    law-abiding travelers to be unnecessarily invasive.
  47. backlash

    a movement away from an impact
    While the TSA faces
    backlash against these so-called "enhanced pat-downs" (an unfortunate term reminiscent of "enhanced interrogation techniques" at Guantanamo), plain-old pat-downs have been part of the lexicon of law enforcement for decades.
  48. 1940s

    the decade from 1940 to 1949
    Here are five examples from the
    1940s:

    1943 Atlanta Daily World 17 Mar. 6/2 Officer Nash said he patted Wilson down, searching for a weapon and found a big 45-calibre pistol.

    1948 Baltimore Afro-American 20 Mar. 2/6 "Then they patted us down to see if we were armed," Miss Mack stated.

    1948 Atlanta Daily World 2 July 5/2 Blaine stated that he raised his hands while office Bryant "patted him down."

  49. prig

    a person regarded as arrogant and annoying
    To translate: a trap is a detective or policeman; a lap-feeder is a silver teaspoon, a blowen is a wench, and
    prig means "to steal."
  50. procedure

    a particular course of action intended to achieve a result
    The outrage over new security
    procedures enforced by the Transportation Security Administration has thrust the word pat-down into the news.
  51. verb

    a word denoting an action, occurrence, or state of existence
    Frisk is remarkably old, as both a
    verb and a noun referring to the act of searching for a weapon or contraband by passing hands over the body of a clothed person.
  52. calibre

    diameter of a tube or gun barrel
    Here are five examples from the 1940s:

    1943 Atlanta Daily World 17 Mar. 6/2 Officer Nash said he patted Wilson down, searching for a weapon and found a big 45-
    calibre pistol.

    1948 Baltimore Afro-American 20 Mar. 2/6 "Then they patted us down to see if we were armed," Miss Mack stated.

    1948 Atlanta Daily World 2 July 5/2 Blaine stated that he raised his hands while office Bryant "patted him down."

  53. enforcement

    ensuring observance of or obedience to
    While the TSA faces backlash against these so-called "enhanced pat-downs" (an unfortunate term reminiscent of "enhanced interrogation techniques" at Guantanamo), plain-old pat-downs have been part of the lexicon of law
    enforcement for decades.
  54. search

    look or seek
    Frisk is remarkably old, as both a verb and a noun referring to the act of
    searching for a weapon or contraband by passing hands over the body of a clothed person.
  55. navigate

    direct carefully and safely
    The way things are going this holiday season, travelers will be thinking up many more sarcastic alternatives to the pat-down as they
    navigate the brave new world of airport security
  56. availability

    the quality of being at hand when needed
    We can extend that back another decade, thanks to the
    availability of historical African-American newspapers in the ProQuest digitized database.
  57. brunt

    the main part, especially of a force or shock
    In these papers, getting "patted down" is frequently mentioned in reports of police searches and detentions, with African Americans bearing the
    brunt of the activity.
  58. African-American

    an American whose ancestors were born in Africa
    We can extend that back another decade, thanks to the availability of historical
    African-American newspapers in the ProQuest digitized database.
  59. underworld

    (religion) the place of the dead
    George Parker's 1789 book Life's Painter includes an extensive glossary of "cant" (the language of the
    underworld), and frisk is included:

    Frisk'd.

  60. turnpike

    an expressway on which tolls are collected
    They frisk him, that is, search him to find pawn-brokers duplicates,
    turnpike tickets, writings, or property that may tend to a discovery.
  61. scan

    examine minutely or intensely
    Airline passenger screenings in the U.S. now involve full-body
    scans, or if the passenger refuses the scan, a full-body pat-down.
  62. screening

    the display of a motion picture
    Airline passenger
    screenings in the U.S. now involve full-body scans, or if the passenger refuses the scan, a full-body pat-down.
  63. contraband

    distributed or sold illicitly
    Frisk is remarkably old, as both a verb and a noun referring to the act of searching for a weapon or
    contraband by passing hands over the body of a clothed person.
  64. unnecessarily

    without any necessity
    The TSA's "pat-down procedures" don't require suspicion of a crime in accordance with the Fourth Amendment, which is one reason why critics find the pat-downs of law-abiding travelers to be
    unnecessarily invasive.
  65. Parker

    United States saxophonist and leader of the bop style of jazz (1920-1955)
    George
    Parker's 1789 book Life's Painter includes an extensive glossary of "cant" (the language of the underworld), and frisk is included:

    Frisk'd.

  66. police officer

    a member of a police force
    Ohio, permitting
    police officers to conduct pat-downs if there is reasonable suspicion of a crime.
  67. usage

    the act of employing
    Though most of this cant never moved beyond the world of thieves, frisking entered mainstream
    usage, eventually becoming a standard term in American law enforcement for searches of suspects' outer garments for weapons or other items concealed underneath.
  68. rep

    informal abbreviation of `representative'
    Appellate
    Rep. 2nd Ser. 222 345 The officer, in making a cursory search or 'pat down' of King for weapons, found two shotgun shells in his pocket.
  69. include

    have as a part; be made up out of
    George Parker's 1789 book Life's Painter
    includes an extensive glossary of "cant" (the language of the underworld), and frisk is included:

    Frisk'd.

  70. mainstream

    the prevailing current of thought
    Though most of this cant never moved beyond the world of thieves, frisking entered
    mainstream usage, eventually becoming a standard term in American law enforcement for searches of suspects' outer garments for weapons or other items concealed underneath.
  71. Transportation

    the United States federal department that institutes and coordinates national transportation programs; created in 1966
    The outrage over new security procedures enforced by the
    Transportation Security Administration has thrust the word pat-down into the news.
  72. reminiscent

    serving to bring to mind
    While the TSA faces backlash against these so-called "enhanced pat-downs" (an unfortunate term
    reminiscent of "enhanced interrogation techniques" at Guantanamo), plain-old pat-downs have been part of the lexicon of law enforcement for decades.
  73. mack

    a waterproof raincoat made of rubberized fabric
    Here are five examples from the 1940s:

    1943 Atlanta Daily World 17 Mar. 6/2 Officer Nash said he patted Wilson down, searching for a weapon and found a big 45-calibre pistol.

    1948 Baltimore Afro-American 20 Mar. 2/6 "Then they patted us down to see if we were armed," Miss
    Mack stated.

    1948 Atlanta Daily World 2 July 5/2 Blaine stated that he raised his hands while office Bryant "patted him down."

  74. shotgun

    firearm that is a double-barreled smoothbore shoulder weapon for firing shot at short ranges
    Appellate Rep. 2nd Ser. 222 345 The officer, in making a cursory search or 'pat down' of King for weapons, found two
    shotgun shells in his pocket.
  75. interrogation

    an instance of questioning
    While the TSA faces backlash against these so-called "enhanced pat-downs" (an unfortunate term reminiscent of "enhanced
    interrogation techniques" at Guantanamo), plain-old pat-downs have been part of the lexicon of law enforcement for decades.
  76. trap

    a device in which something can be caught and penned
    A knowing term used among
    traps, scouts, and runners, when they take a person up on suspicion.
  77. let down

    move something or somebody to a lower position
    If you're
    let down (disappointed), it's a letdown; if you're knocked down (laid out in a fight), it's a knock-down; if you're put down (insulted), it's a put-down.
  78. Baltimore

    the largest city in Maryland
    Here are five examples from the 1940s:

    1943 Atlanta Daily World 17 Mar. 6/2 Officer Nash said he patted Wilson down, searching for a weapon and found a big 45-calibre pistol.

    1948
    Baltimore Afro-American 20 Mar. 2/6 "Then they patted us down to see if we were armed," Miss Mack stated.

    1948 Atlanta Daily World 2 July 5/2 Blaine stated that he raised his hands while office Bryant "patted him down."

  79. Atlanta

    state capital and largest city of Georgia
    Here are five examples from the 1940s:

    1943
    Atlanta Daily World 17 Mar. 6/2 Officer Nash said he patted Wilson down, searching for a weapon and found a big 45-calibre pistol.

    1948 Baltimore Afro-American 20 Mar. 2/6 "Then they patted us down to see if we were armed," Miss Mack stated.

    1948 Atlanta Daily World 2 July 5/2 Blaine stated that he raised his hands while office Bryant "patted him down."

  80. technique

    a practical method or art applied to some particular task
    While the TSA faces backlash against these so-called "enhanced pat-downs" (an unfortunate term reminiscent of "enhanced interrogation
    techniques" at Guantanamo), plain-old pat-downs have been part of the lexicon of law enforcement for decades.
  81. traveler

    a person who changes location
    The TSA's "pat-down procedures" don't require suspicion of a crime in accordance with the Fourth Amendment, which is one reason why critics find the pat-downs of law-abiding
    travelers to be unnecessarily invasive.
  82. duplicate

    a copy that corresponds to an original exactly
    They frisk him, that is, search him to find pawn-brokers
    duplicates, turnpike tickets, writings, or property that may tend to a discovery.
  83. police

    the force of policemen and officers
    The stop and frisk is now an accepted
    police procedure in many states.
  84. credentials

    a document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts
    He said he was facing the wall with his back to the officers and that he didn't know which one had "patted him down" and searched his billfold.

    1948 New York Amsterdam News 10 July 25/3 The $10 was taken from him when he was "patted down" by the police on the original arrest, he said.

    1949 Baltimore Afro-American 10 Dec. 4/4 If you drive a new car, especially one of the higher-priced models, you're fair game for Philly police who pat you down like a common criminal even before they a...

  85. detention

    a state of being confined (usually for a short time)
    In these papers, getting "patted down" is frequently mentioned in reports of police searches and
    detentions, with African Americans bearing the brunt of the activity.
  86. knock down

    cause to come or go down
    If you're let down (disappointed), it's a letdown; if you're
    knocked down (laid out in a fight), it's a knock-down; if you're put down (insulted), it's a put-down.
  87. sarcastic

    expressing or expressive of ridicule that wounds
    The way things are going this holiday season, travelers will be thinking up many more
    sarcastic alternatives to the pat-down as they navigate the brave new world of airport security
  88. Nash

    United States writer noted for his droll epigrams
    Here are five examples from the 1940s:

    1943 Atlanta Daily World 17 Mar. 6/2 Officer
    Nash said he patted Wilson down, searching for a weapon and found a big 45-calibre pistol.

    1948 Baltimore Afro-American 20 Mar. 2/6 "Then they patted us down to see if we were armed," Miss Mack stated.

    1948 Atlanta Daily World 2 July 5/2 Blaine stated that he raised his hands while office Bryant "patted him down."

  89. pawn

    leave as a guarantee in return for money
    They frisk him, that is, search him to find
    pawn-brokers duplicates, turnpike tickets, writings, or property that may tend to a discovery.
  90. credential

    a document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts
    He said he was facing the wall with his back to the officers and that he didn't know which one had "patted him down" and searched his billfold.

    1948 New York Amsterdam News 10 July 25/3 The $10 was taken from him when he was "patted down" by the police on the original arrest, he said.

    1949 Baltimore Afro-American 10 Dec. 4/4 If you drive a new car, especially one of the higher-priced models, you're fair game for Philly police who pat you down like a common criminal even before they a...

  91. weapon

    any instrument used in fighting or hunting
    Frisk is remarkably old, as both a verb and a noun referring to the act of searching for a
    weapon or contraband by passing hands over the body of a clothed person.
  92. wench

    a young woman
    To translate: a trap is a detective or policeman; a lap-feeder is a silver teaspoon, a blowen is a
    wench, and prig means "to steal."
  93. Mar

    the month following February and preceding April
    Here are five examples from the 1940s:

    1943 Atlanta Daily World 17
    Mar. 6/2 Officer Nash said he patted Wilson down, searching for a weapon and found a big 45-calibre pistol.

    1948 Baltimore Afro-American 20 Mar. 2/6 "Then they patted us down to see if we were armed," Miss Mack stated.

    1948 Atlanta Daily World 2 July 5/2 Blaine stated that he raised his hands while office Bryant "patted him down."

  94. teaspoon

    a small spoon used for stirring tea or coffee
    To translate: a trap is a detective or policeman; a lap-feeder is a silver
    teaspoon, a blowen is a wench, and prig means "to steal."
  95. searching

    exploring thoroughly
    Frisk is remarkably old, as both a verb and a noun referring to the act of
    searching for a weapon or contraband by passing hands over the body of a clothed person.
  96. revision

    the act of altering
    The Oxford English Dictionary includes this expression in its latest online
    revision of the entry for pat, with citations back to 1953.
  97. slogan

    a favorite saying of a sect or political group
    One such fake
    slogan, from the fake Twitter account TSAgov, is: "It's not a grope.
  98. lap

    the upper side of the thighs of a seated person
    Elsewhere, Parker includes frisk as a noun:

    You'd snitch upon us, and soon have the traps, and fix us, in putting a
    lap-feeder in our sack, that you or your blowen had prig'd yourselves, though we should stand the frisk for it.

  99. suspicion

    an impression that something might be the case
    A knowing term used among traps, scouts, and runners, when they take a person up on
    suspicion.
  100. explicit

    precisely and clearly expressed or readily observable
    TSAgov has also made the Guantanamo parallel more
    explicit by tweeting about "enhanced rubbing techniques."
  101. abiding

    unceasing
    The TSA's "pat-down procedures" don't require suspicion of a crime in accordance with the Fourth Amendment, which is one reason why critics find the pat-downs of law-
    abiding travelers to be unnecessarily invasive.
  102. Amsterdam

    an industrial center and the nominal capital of the Netherlands; center of the diamond-cutting industry; seat of an important stock exchange; known for its canals and art museum
    He said he was facing the wall with his back to the officers and that he didn't know which one had "patted him down" and searched his billfold.

    1948 New York
    Amsterdam News 10 July 25/3 The $10 was taken from him when he was "patted down" by the police on the original arrest, he said.

    1949 Baltimore Afro-American 10 Dec. 4/4 If you drive a new car, especially one of the higher-priced models, you're fair game for Philly police who pat you down like a common criminal even before...

  103. term

    a limited period of time during which something lasts
    While the TSA faces backlash against these so-called "enhanced pat-downs" (an unfortunate
    term reminiscent of "enhanced interrogation techniques" at Guantanamo), plain-old pat-downs have been part of the lexicon of law enforcement for decades.
  104. translate

    restate from one language into another language
    To
    translate: a trap is a detective or policeman; a lap-feeder is a silver teaspoon, a blowen is a wench, and prig means "to steal."
  105. decade

    a period of 10 years
    While the TSA faces backlash against these so-called "enhanced pat-downs" (an unfortunate term reminiscent of "enhanced interrogation techniques" at Guantanamo), plain-old pat-downs have been part of the lexicon of law enforcement for
    decades.
  106. security

    the state of being free from danger or injury
    The outrage over new
    security procedures enforced by the Transportation Security Administration has thrust the word pat-down into the news.
  107. Terry

    English actress (1847-1928)
    Both frisk and pat-down moved from slang to official usage, particularly after the terms were enshrined in legal casework such as the 1968 Supreme Court case
    Terry v.
  108. grope

    feel about uncertainly or blindly
    One such fake slogan, from the fake Twitter account TSAgov, is: "It's not a
    grope.
  109. African

    a native or inhabitant of Africa
    We can extend that back another decade, thanks to the availability of historical
    African-American newspapers in the ProQuest digitized database.
  110. enforce

    compel to behave in a certain way
    The outrage over new security procedures
    enforced by the Transportation Security Administration has thrust the word pat-down into the news.
  111. dictionary

    a reference book containing an alphabetical list of words
    The Oxford English
    Dictionary includes this expression in its latest online revision of the entry for pat, with citations back to 1953.
  112. rubbing

    effort expended in moving one object over another with pressure
    TSAgov has also made the Guantanamo parallel more explicit by tweeting about "enhanced
    rubbing techniques."
  113. ridicule

    language or behavior intended to mock or humiliate
    The "enhanced" pat-downs of the TSA have been the source of much
    ridicule over the past couple of weeks.
  114. emerge

    come out into view, as from concealment
    In the mid-20th century, a new slang term
    emerged in the U.S. for frisking: "patting someone down."
  115. enforced

    compelled to behave in a certain way
    The outrage over new security procedures
    enforced by the Transportation Security Administration has thrust the word pat-down into the news.
  116. lay out

    lay out orderly or logically in a line or as if in a line
    If you're let down (disappointed), it's a letdown; if you're knocked down (
    laid out in a fight), it's a knock-down; if you're put down (insulted), it's a put-down.
  117. broker

    a businessman who buys or sells for another
    They frisk him, that is, search him to find pawn-
    brokers duplicates, turnpike tickets, writings, or property that may tend to a discovery.
  118. passenger

    a traveler riding in a vehicle but not operating it
    Airline
    passenger screenings in the U.S. now involve full-body scans, or if the passenger refuses the scan, a full-body pat-down.
  119. underneath

    on the lower or downward side; on the underside of
    Though most of this cant never moved beyond the world of thieves, frisking entered mainstream usage, eventually becoming a standard term in American law enforcement for searches of suspects' outer garments for weapons or other items concealed
    underneath.
  120. 2nd

    coming next after the first in position in space or time or degree or magnitude
    Appellate Rep.
    2nd Ser. 222 345 The officer, in making a cursory search or 'pat down' of King for weapons, found two shotgun shells in his pocket.
  121. runner

    someone who travels on foot by running
    A knowing term used among traps, scouts, and
    runners, when they take a person up on suspicion.
  122. stated

    declared as fact; explicitly stated
    Here are five examples from the 1940s:

    1943 Atlanta Daily World 17 Mar. 6/2 Officer Nash said he patted Wilson down, searching for a weapon and found a big 45-calibre pistol.

    1948 Baltimore Afro-American 20 Mar. 2/6 "Then they patted us down to see if we were armed," Miss Mack
    stated.

    1948 Atlanta Daily World 2 July 5/2 Blaine stated that he raised his hands while office Bryant "patted him down."

  123. put down

    put in a horizontal position
    If you're let down (disappointed), it's a letdown; if you're knocked down (laid out in a fight), it's a knock-down; if you're
    put down (insulted), it's a put-down.
  124. remarkably

    to a remarkable degree or extent
    Frisk is
    remarkably old, as both a verb and a noun referring to the act of searching for a weapon or contraband by passing hands over the body of a clothed person.
  125. hand over

    to surrender someone or something to another
    Frisk is remarkably old, as both a verb and a noun referring to the act of searching for a weapon or contraband by passing
    hands over the body of a clothed person.
  126. outrage

    a disgraceful event
    The
    outrage over new security procedures enforced by the Transportation Security Administration has thrust the word pat-down into the news.
  127. officer

    a member of a police force
    Here are five examples from the 1940s:

    1943 Atlanta Daily World 17 Mar. 6/2
    Officer Nash said he patted Wilson down, searching for a weapon and found a big 45-calibre pistol.

    1948 Baltimore Afro-American 20 Mar. 2/6 "Then they patted us down to see if we were armed," Miss Mack stated.

    1948 Atlanta Daily World 2 July 5/2 Blaine stated that he raised his hands while office Bryant "patted him down."

  128. Dec

    the last (12th) month of the year
    He said he was facing the wall with his back to the officers and that he didn't know which one had "patted him down" and searched his billfold.

    1948 New York Amsterdam News 10 July 25/3 The $10 was taken from him when he was "patted down" by the police on the original arrest, he said.

    1949 Baltimore Afro-American 10
    Dec. 4/4 If you drive a new car, especially one of the higher-priced models, you're fair game for Philly police who pat you down like a common criminal even before...

  129. online

    connected to a computer network or accessible by computer
    The Oxford English Dictionary includes this expression in its latest
    online revision of the entry for pat, with citations back to 1953.
  130. knock

    deliver a sharp blow or push :"He knocked the glass clear across the room"
    If you're let down (disappointed), it's a letdown; if you're
    knocked down (laid out in a fight), it's a knock-down; if you're put down (insulted), it's a put-down.
  131. clothed

    covered with or as if with clothes or a wrap or cloak
    Frisk is remarkably old, as both a verb and a noun referring to the act of searching for a weapon or contraband by passing hands over the body of a
    clothed person.
  132. airline

    a commercial business that provides scheduled flights
    Airline passenger screenings in the U.S. now involve full-body scans, or if the passenger refuses the scan, a full-body pat-down.
  133. accordance

    concurrence or agreement of opinion
    The TSA's "pat-down procedures" don't require suspicion of a crime in
    accordance with the Fourth Amendment, which is one reason why critics find the pat-downs of law-abiding travelers to be unnecessarily invasive.
  134. airport

    an airfield equipped with control tower and hangars as well as accommodations for passengers and cargo
    The way things are going this holiday season, travelers will be thinking up many more sarcastic alternatives to the pat-down as they navigate the brave new world of
    airport security
  135. 20th

    coming next after the nineteenth in position
    In the mid-
    20th century, a new slang term emerged in the U.S. for frisking: "patting someone down."
  136. involve

    contain as a part
    Airline passenger screenings in the U.S. now
    involve full-body scans, or if the passenger refuses the scan, a full-body pat-down.
  137. refer

    make a remark that calls attention to
    Frisk is remarkably old, as both a verb and a noun
    referring to the act of searching for a weapon or contraband by passing hands over the body of a clothed person.
  138. July

    the month following June and preceding August
    Here are five examples from the 1940s:

    1943 Atlanta Daily World 17 Mar. 6/2 Officer Nash said he patted Wilson down, searching for a weapon and found a big 45-calibre pistol.

    1948 Baltimore Afro-American 20 Mar. 2/6 "Then they patted us down to see if we were armed," Miss Mack stated.

    1948 Atlanta Daily World 2
    July 5/2 Blaine stated that he raised his hands while office Bryant "patted him down."

  139. sack

    a bag made of paper or plastic for holding purchases
    Elsewhere, Parker includes frisk as a noun:

    You'd snitch upon us, and soon have the traps, and fix us, in putting a lap-feeder in our
    sack, that you or your blowen had prig'd yourselves, though we should stand the frisk for it.

  140. alternative

    one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen
    The way things are going this holiday season, travelers will be thinking up many more sarcastic
    alternatives to the pat-down as they navigate the brave new world of airport security
  141. detective

    a police officer who investigates crimes
    To translate: a trap is a
    detective or policeman; a lap-feeder is a silver teaspoon, a blowen is a wench, and prig means "to steal."
  142. calif

    the civil and religious leader of a Muslim state considered to be a representative of Allah on earth
    The earliest OED citation is a court case from 1964:

    1964
    Calif.

  143. typical

    exhibiting the qualities that identify a group or kind
    The creation of the noun pat-down follows a
    typical pattern for phrasal verbs using down.
  144. policeman

    a member of a police force
    To translate: a trap is a detective or
    policeman; a lap-feeder is a silver teaspoon, a blowen is a wench, and prig means "to steal."
  145. so-called

    doubtful or suspect
    While the TSA faces backlash against these
    so-called "enhanced pat-downs" (an unfortunate term reminiscent of "enhanced interrogation techniques" at Guantanamo), plain-old pat-downs have been part of the lexicon of law enforcement for decades.
  146. crime

    an act punishable by law; usually considered an evil act
    Ohio, permitting police officers to conduct pat-downs if there is reasonable suspicion of a
    crime.
  147. scout

    explore, often with the goal of finding something or somebody
    A knowing term used among traps,
    scouts, and runners, when they take a person up on suspicion.
  148. specific

    stated explicitly or in detail
    The phrasal verb pat down then became a noun, pat-down, to refer to a
    specific instance of frisking.
  149. entry

    the act of going in
    The Oxford English Dictionary includes this expression in its latest online revision of the
    entry for pat, with citations back to 1953.
  150. Supreme Court

    the highest federal court in the United States
    Both frisk and pat-down moved from slang to official usage, particularly after the terms were enshrined in legal casework such as the 1968
    Supreme Court case Terry v.
  151. American

    of or relating to the United States of America or its people or language or culture
    Though most of this cant never moved beyond the world of thieves, frisking entered mainstream usage, eventually becoming a standard term in
    American law enforcement for searches of suspects' outer garments for weapons or other items concealed underneath.
  152. daily

    of or belonging to or occurring every day
    Here are five examples from the 1940s:

    1943 Atlanta
    Daily World 17 Mar. 6/2 Officer Nash said he patted Wilson down, searching for a weapon and found a big 45-calibre pistol.

    1948 Baltimore Afro-American 20 Mar. 2/6 "Then they patted us down to see if we were armed," Miss Mack stated.

    1948 Atlanta Daily World 2 July 5/2 Blaine stated that he raised his hands while office Bryant "patted him down."

  153. Word

    the divine word of God; the second person in the Trinity
    For some violent examples, see this
    Word Routes column on throwdowns, smackdowns, and beatdowns.
  154. earliest

    more early than; most early
    The
    earliest OED citation is a court case from 1964:

    1964 Calif.

  155. facing

    an ornamental coating to a building
    He said he was
    facing the wall with his back to the officers and that he didn't know which one had "patted him down" and searched his billfold.

    1948 New York Amsterdam News 10 July 25/3 The $10 was taken from him when he was "patted down" by the police on the original arrest, he said.

    1949 Baltimore Afro-American 10 Dec. 4/4 If you drive a new car, especially one of the higher-priced models, you're fair game for Philly police who pat you down like a common criminal even before...

  156. parallel

    being everywhere equidistant and not intersecting
    TSAgov has also made the Guantanamo
    parallel more explicit by tweeting about "enhanced rubbing techniques."
  157. assigned

    appointed to a post or duty
    On Twitter, these jibes have often been
    assigned the hashtag #TSASlogans.
  158. amendment

    a statement that is added to a proposal or document
    The TSA's "pat-down procedures" don't require suspicion of a crime in accordance with the Fourth
    Amendment, which is one reason why critics find the pat-downs of law-abiding travelers to be unnecessarily invasive.
  159. extensive

    large in spatial extent or range or scope or quantity
    George Parker's 1789 book Life's Painter includes an
    extensive glossary of "cant" (the language of the underworld), and frisk is included:

    Frisk'd.

  160. item

    a distinct part that can be specified separately in a group
    Though most of this cant never moved beyond the world of thieves, frisking entered mainstream usage, eventually becoming a standard term in American law enforcement for searches of suspects' outer garments for weapons or other
    items concealed underneath.
  161. Oxford

    a city in southern England to the northwest of London
    The
    Oxford English Dictionary includes this expression in its latest online revision of the entry for pat, with citations back to 1953.
  162. disappointed

    sadly unsuccessful
    If you're let down (
    disappointed), it's a letdown; if you're knocked down (laid out in a fight), it's a knock-down; if you're put down (insulted), it's a put-down.
  163. mid

    used in combination to denote the middle
    In the
    mid-20th century, a new slang term emerged in the U.S. for frisking: "patting someone down."
  164. abide

    dwell
    The TSA's "pat-down procedures" don't require suspicion of a crime in accordance with the Fourth Amendment, which is one reason why critics find the pat-downs of law-
    abiding travelers to be unnecessarily invasive.
  165. thief

    a criminal who takes property belonging to someone else
    Though most of this cant never moved beyond the world of
    thieves, frisking entered mainstream usage, eventually becoming a standard term in American law enforcement for searches of suspects' outer garments for weapons or other items concealed underneath.
  166. pistol

    a firearm that is held and fired with one hand
    Here are five examples from the 1940s:

    1943 Atlanta Daily World 17 Mar. 6/2 Officer Nash said he patted Wilson down, searching for a weapon and found a big 45-calibre
    pistol.

    1948 Baltimore Afro-American 20 Mar. 2/6 "Then they patted us down to see if we were armed," Miss Mack stated.

    1948 Atlanta Daily World 2 July 5/2 Blaine stated that he raised his hands while office Bryant "patted him down."

  167. ticket

    a commercial document showing that the holder is entitled to something (as to ride on public transportation or to enter a public entertainment)
    They frisk him, that is, search him to find pawn-brokers duplicates, turnpike
    tickets, writings, or property that may tend to a discovery.
  168. outer

    located outside
    Though most of this cant never moved beyond the world of thieves, frisking entered mainstream usage, eventually becoming a standard term in American law enforcement for searches of suspects'
    outer garments for weapons or other items concealed underneath.
  169. pattern

    a perceptual structure
    The creation of the noun pat-down follows a typical
    pattern for phrasal verbs using down.
  170. concealed

    not accessible to view
    Though most of this cant never moved beyond the world of thieves, frisking entered mainstream usage, eventually becoming a standard term in American law enforcement for searches of suspects' outer garments for weapons or other items
    concealed underneath.
  171. holiday

    leisure time away from work devoted to rest or pleasure
    The way things are going this
    holiday season, travelers will be thinking up many more sarcastic alternatives to the pat-down as they navigate the brave new world of airport security
  172. garment

    an article of clothing
    Though most of this cant never moved beyond the world of thieves, frisking entered mainstream usage, eventually becoming a standard term in American law enforcement for searches of suspects' outer
    garments for weapons or other items concealed underneath.
  173. reasonable

    showing sound judgment
    Ohio, permitting police officers to conduct pat-downs if there is
    reasonable suspicion of a crime.
  174. creation

    the act of starting something for the first time
    The
    creation of the noun pat-down follows a typical pattern for phrasal verbs using down.
  175. moved

    being excited or provoked to the expression of an emotion
    Though most of this cant never
    moved beyond the world of thieves, frisking entered mainstream usage, eventually becoming a standard term in American law enforcement for searches of suspects' outer garments for weapons or other items concealed underneath.
  176. eventually

    after an unspecified period of time or a long delay
    Though most of this cant never moved beyond the world of thieves, frisking entered mainstream usage,
    eventually becoming a standard term in American law enforcement for searches of suspects' outer garments for weapons or other items concealed underneath.
  177. disappoint

    fail to meet the hopes or expectations of
    If you're let down (
    disappointed), it's a letdown; if you're knocked down (laid out in a fight), it's a knock-down; if you're put down (insulted), it's a put-down.
  178. assign

    select something or someone for a specific purpose
    On Twitter, these jibes have often been
    assigned the hashtag #TSASlogans.
  179. Ohio

    a midwestern state in north central United States in the Great Lakes region
    Ohio, permitting police officers to conduct pat-downs if there is reasonable suspicion of a crime.
  180. example

    an item of information that is typical of a class or group
    Here are five
    examples from the 1940s:

    1943 Atlanta Daily World 17 Mar. 6/2 Officer Nash said he patted Wilson down, searching for a weapon and found a big 45-calibre pistol.

    1948 Baltimore Afro-American 20 Mar. 2/6 "Then they patted us down to see if we were armed," Miss Mack stated.

    1948 Atlanta Daily World 2 July 5/2 Blaine stated that he raised his hands while office Bryant "patted him down."

  181. rub

    move over something with pressure
    TSAgov has also made the Guantanamo parallel more explicit by tweeting about "enhanced
    rubbing techniques."
  182. historical

    of or relating to the study of recorded time
    We can extend that back another decade, thanks to the availability of
    historical African-American newspapers in the ProQuest digitized database.
  183. latest

    up to the immediate present; most recent or most up-to-date
    The Oxford English Dictionary includes this expression in its
    latest online revision of the entry for pat, with citations back to 1953.
  184. Wilson

    American Revolutionary leader who was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence (1742-1798)
    Here are five examples from the 1940s:

    1943 Atlanta Daily World 17 Mar. 6/2 Officer Nash said he patted
    Wilson down, searching for a weapon and found a big 45-calibre pistol.

    1948 Baltimore Afro-American 20 Mar. 2/6 "Then they patted us down to see if we were armed," Miss Mack stated.

    1948 Atlanta Daily World 2 July 5/2 Blaine stated that he raised his hands while office Bryant "patted him down."

  185. up on

    being up to particular standard or level especially in being up to date in knowledge
    A knowing term used among traps, scouts, and runners, when they take a person
    up on suspicion.
  186. painter

    an artist who paints
    George Parker's 1789 book Life's
    Painter includes an extensive glossary of "cant" (the language of the underworld), and frisk is included:

    Frisk'd.

  187. included

    enclosed in the same envelope or package
    George Parker's 1789 book Life's Painter includes an extensive glossary of "cant" (the language of the underworld), and frisk is
    included:

    Frisk'd.

  188. elsewhere

    in or to another place
    Elsewhere, Parker includes frisk as a noun:

    You'd snitch upon us, and soon have the traps, and fix us, in putting a lap-feeder in our sack, that you or your blowen had prig'd yourselves, though we should stand the frisk for it.

  189. insult

    treat, mention, or speak to rudely
    If you're let down (disappointed), it's a letdown; if you're knocked down (laid out in a fight), it's a knock-down; if you're put down (
    insulted), it's a put-down.
  190. body

    an individual 3-dimensional object that has mass
    Airline passenger screenings in the U.S. now involve full-
    body scans, or if the passenger refuses the scan, a full-body pat-down.
  191. someone

    a human being
    In the mid-20th century, a new slang term emerged in the U.S. for frisking: "patting
    someone down."
  192. route

    an established line of travel or access
    For some violent examples, see this Word
    Routes column on throwdowns, smackdowns, and beatdowns.
  193. news

    information about recent and important events
    The outrage over new security procedures enforced by the Transportation Security Administration has thrust the word pat-down into the
    news.
  194. unfortunate

    marked by or resulting in bad luck
    While the TSA faces backlash against these so-called "enhanced pat-downs" (an
    unfortunate term reminiscent of "enhanced interrogation techniques" at Guantanamo), plain-old pat-downs have been part of the lexicon of law enforcement for decades.
  195. ask for

    increase the likelihood of
    He said he was facing the wall with his back to the officers and that he didn't know which one had "patted him down" and searched his billfold.

    1948 New York Amsterdam News 10 July 25/3 The $10 was taken from him when he was "patted down" by the police on the original arrest, he said.

    1949 Baltimore Afro-American 10 Dec. 4/4 If you drive a new car, especially one of the higher-priced models, you're fair game for Philly police who pat you down like a common criminal even before they <...

  196. criminal

    someone who has committed a punishable act
    He said he was facing the wall with his back to the officers and that he didn't know which one had "patted him down" and searched his billfold.

    1948 New York Amsterdam News 10 July 25/3 The $10 was taken from him when he was "patted down" by the police on the original arrest, he said.

    1949 Baltimore Afro-American 10 Dec. 4/4 If you drive a new car, especially one of the higher-priced models, you're fair game for Philly police who pat you down like a common
    criminal even before...

  197. new

    not of long duration
    The outrage over
    new security procedures enforced by the Transportation Security Administration has thrust the word pat-down into the news.
  198. law

    the collection of rules imposed by authority
    While the TSA faces backlash against these so-called "enhanced pat-downs" (an unfortunate term reminiscent of "enhanced interrogation techniques" at Guantanamo), plain-old pat-downs have been part of the lexicon of
    law enforcement for decades.
  199. thrust

    push forcefully
    The outrage over new security procedures enforced by the Transportation Security Administration has
    thrust the word pat-down into the news.
  200. violent

    acting with great force or energy or emotional intensity
    For some
    violent examples, see this Word Routes column on throwdowns, smackdowns, and beatdowns.
  201. world

    the 3rd planet from the sun; the planet we live on
    Though most of this cant never moved beyond the
    world of thieves, frisking entered mainstream usage, eventually becoming a standard term in American law enforcement for searches of suspects' outer garments for weapons or other items concealed underneath.
  202. refuse

    show unwillingness towards
    Airline passenger screenings in the U.S. now involve full-body scans, or if the passenger
    refuses the scan, a full-body pat-down.
  203. legal

    established by or founded upon law or official rules
    Both frisk and pat-down moved from slang to official usage, particularly after the terms were enshrined in
    legal casework such as the 1968 Supreme Court case Terry v.
  204. tend

    have a disposition to do or be something; be inclined
    They frisk him, that is, search him to find pawn-brokers duplicates, turnpike tickets, writings, or property that may
    tend to a discovery.
  205. critic

    a person engaged in the analysis and interpretation of art
    The TSA's "pat-down procedures" don't require suspicion of a crime in accordance with the Fourth Amendment, which is one reason why
    critics find the pat-downs of law-abiding travelers to be unnecessarily invasive.
  206. thanks

    an acknowledgment of appreciation
    We can extend that back another decade,
    thanks to the availability of historical African-American newspapers in the ProQuest digitized database.
  207. column

    a line of units following one after another
    For some violent examples, see this Word Routes
    column on throwdowns, smackdowns, and beatdowns.
  208. using

    an act that exploits or victimizes someone
    The creation of the noun pat-down follows a typical pattern for phrasal verbs
    using down.
  209. becoming

    displaying or setting off to best advantage
    Though most of this cant never moved beyond the world of thieves, frisking entered mainstream usage, eventually
    becoming a standard term in American law enforcement for searches of suspects' outer garments for weapons or other items concealed underneath.
  210. model

    a representation of something, often on a smaller scale
    He said he was facing the wall with his back to the officers and that he didn't know which one had "patted him down" and searched his billfold.

    1948 New York Amsterdam News 10 July 25/3 The $10 was taken from him when he was "patted down" by the police on the original arrest, he said.

    1949 Baltimore Afro-American 10 Dec. 4/4 If you drive a new car, especially one of the higher-priced
    models, you're fair game for Philly police who pat you down like a common criminal even before...

  211. discovery

    the act of finding something
    They frisk him, that is, search him to find pawn-brokers duplicates, turnpike tickets, writings, or property that may tend to a
    discovery.
  212. conceal

    prevent from being seen or discovered
    Though most of this cant never moved beyond the world of thieves, frisking entered mainstream usage, eventually becoming a standard term in American law enforcement for searches of suspects' outer garments for weapons or other items
    concealed underneath.
  213. activity

    any specific behavior
    In these papers, getting "patted down" is frequently mentioned in reports of police searches and detentions, with African Americans bearing the brunt of the
    activity.
  214. shell

    the material that forms the hard outer covering of many animals
    Appellate Rep. 2nd Ser. 222 345 The officer, in making a cursory search or 'pat down' of King for weapons, found two shotgun
    shells in his pocket.
  215. armed

    having limbs
    Here are five examples from the 1940s:

    1943 Atlanta Daily World 17 Mar. 6/2 Officer Nash said he patted Wilson down, searching for a weapon and found a big 45-calibre pistol.

    1948 Baltimore Afro-American 20 Mar. 2/6 "Then they patted us down to see if we were
    armed," Miss Mack stated.

    1948 Atlanta Daily World 2 July 5/2 Blaine stated that he raised his hands while office Bryant "patted him down."

  216. supreme

    greatest in status or authority or power
    Both frisk and pat-down moved from slang to official usage, particularly after the terms were enshrined in legal casework such as the 1968
    Supreme Court case Terry v.
  217. bearing

    characteristic way of holding one's body
    In these papers, getting "patted down" is frequently mentioned in reports of police searches and detentions, with African Americans
    bearing the brunt of the activity.
  218. accepted

    generally approved or compelling recognition
    The stop and frisk is now an
    accepted police procedure in many states.
  219. putting

    hitting a golf ball that is on the green using a putter
    Elsewhere, Parker includes frisk as a noun:

    You'd snitch upon us, and soon have the traps, and fix us, in
    putting a lap-feeder in our sack, that you or your blowen had prig'd yourselves, though we should stand the frisk for it.

  220. arrest

    take into custody
    He said he was facing the wall with his back to the officers and that he didn't know which one had "patted him down" and searched his billfold.

    1948 New York Amsterdam News 10 July 25/3 The $10 was taken from him when he was "patted down" by the police on the original
    arrest, he said.

    1949 Baltimore Afro-American 10 Dec. 4/4 If you drive a new car, especially one of the higher-priced models, you're fair game for Philly police who pat you down like a common criminal even before...

  221. raise

    move upwards
    Here are five examples from the 1940s:

    1943 Atlanta Daily World 17 Mar. 6/2 Officer Nash said he patted Wilson down, searching for a weapon and found a big 45-calibre pistol.

    1948 Baltimore Afro-American 20 Mar. 2/6 "Then they patted us down to see if we were armed," Miss Mack stated.

    1948 Atlanta Daily World 2 July 5/2 Blaine stated that he
    raised his hands while office Bryant "patted him down."

  222. fourth

    following the third position
    The TSA's "pat-down procedures" don't require suspicion of a crime in accordance with the
    Fourth Amendment, which is one reason why critics find the pat-downs of law-abiding travelers to be unnecessarily invasive.
  223. put

    cause to be in a certain state
    Elsewhere, Parker includes frisk as a noun:

    You'd snitch upon us, and soon have the traps, and fix us, in
    putting a lap-feeder in our sack, that you or your blowen had prig'd yourselves, though we should stand the frisk for it.

  224. state

    the way something is with respect to its main attributes
    The stop and frisk is now an accepted police procedure in many
    states.
  225. suspect

    regard as untrustworthy
    Though most of this cant never moved beyond the world of thieves, frisking entered mainstream usage, eventually becoming a standard term in American law enforcement for searches of
    suspects' outer garments for weapons or other items concealed underneath.
  226. frequently

    many times at short intervals
    In these papers, getting "patted down" is
    frequently mentioned in reports of police searches and detentions, with African Americans bearing the brunt of the activity.
  227. couple

    two items of the same kind
    The "enhanced" pat-downs of the TSA have been the source of much ridicule over the past
    couple of weeks.
  228. standard

    a basis for comparison
    Though most of this cant never moved beyond the world of thieves, frisking entered mainstream usage, eventually becoming a
    standard term in American law enforcement for searches of suspects' outer garments for weapons or other items concealed underneath.
  229. require

    have need of
    The TSA's "pat-down procedures" don't
    require suspicion of a crime in accordance with the Fourth Amendment, which is one reason why critics find the pat-downs of law-abiding travelers to be unnecessarily invasive.
  230. brave

    possessing or displaying courage
    The way things are going this holiday season, travelers will be thinking up many more sarcastic alternatives to the pat-down as they navigate the
    brave new world of airport security
  231. out in

    enter a harbor
    If you're let down (disappointed), it's a letdown; if you're knocked down (laid
    out in a fight), it's a knock-down; if you're put down (insulted), it's a put-down.
  232. knowing

    alert and fully informed
    A
    knowing term used among traps, scouts, and runners, when they take a person up on suspicion.
  233. source

    the place where something begins
    The "enhanced" pat-downs of the TSA have been the
    source of much ridicule over the past couple of weeks.
  234. steal

    take without the owner's consent
    To translate: a trap is a detective or policeman; a lap-feeder is a silver teaspoon, a blowen is a wench, and prig means "to
    steal."
  235. newspaper

    a daily or weekly publication on folded sheets
    We can extend that back another decade, thanks to the availability of historical African-American
    newspapers in the ProQuest digitized database.
  236. papers

    writing that provides information
    In these
    papers, getting "patted down" is frequently mentioned in reports of police searches and detentions, with African Americans bearing the brunt of the activity.
  237. find

    discover or determine the existence, presence, or fact of
    They frisk him, that is, search him to
    find pawn-brokers duplicates, turnpike tickets, writings, or property that may tend to a discovery.
  238. particularly

    to a distinctly greater extent or degree than is common
    Both frisk and pat-down moved from slang to official usage,
    particularly after the terms were enshrined in legal casework such as the 1968 Supreme Court case Terry v.
  239. move

    change location
    Though most of this cant never
    moved beyond the world of thieves, frisking entered mainstream usage, eventually becoming a standard term in American law enforcement for searches of suspects' outer garments for weapons or other items concealed underneath.
  240. pocket

    a small pouch inside a garment for carrying small articles
    Appellate Rep. 2nd Ser. 222 345 The officer, in making a cursory search or 'pat down' of King for weapons, found two shotgun shells in his
    pocket.
  241. freedom

    the condition of being free
    It's a
    freedom pat."
  242. silver

    a soft white precious univalent metallic element having the highest electrical and thermal conductivity of any metal; occurs in argentite and in free form; used in coins and jewelry and tableware and photography
    To translate: a trap is a detective or policeman; a lap-feeder is a
    silver teaspoon, a blowen is a wench, and prig means "to steal."
  243. full

    containing as much or as many as is possible or normal
    Airline passenger screenings in the U.S. now involve
    full-body scans, or if the passenger refuses the scan, a full-body pat-down.
  244. person

    a human being
    Frisk is remarkably old, as both a verb and a noun referring to the act of searching for a weapon or contraband by passing hands over the body of a clothed
    person.
  245. extend

    stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope
    We can
    extend that back another decade, thanks to the availability of historical African-American newspapers in the ProQuest digitized database.
  246. passing

    lasting a very short time
    Frisk is remarkably old, as both a verb and a noun referring to the act of searching for a weapon or contraband by
    passing hands over the body of a clothed person.
  247. Court

    Australian woman tennis player who won many major championships (born in 1947)
    Both frisk and pat-down moved from slang to official usage, particularly after the terms were enshrined in legal casework such as the 1968 Supreme
    Court case Terry v.
  248. original

    preceding all others in time
    He said he was facing the wall with his back to the officers and that he didn't know which one had "patted him down" and searched his billfold.

    1948 New York Amsterdam News 10 July 25/3 The $10 was taken from him when he was "patted down" by the police on the
    original arrest, he said.

    1949 Baltimore Afro-American 10 Dec. 4/4 If you drive a new car, especially one of the higher-priced models, you're fair game for Philly police who pat you down like a common criminal even before...

  249. terms

    status with respect to the relations between people or groups
    Both frisk and pat-down moved from slang to official usage, particularly after the
    terms were enshrined in legal casework such as the 1968 Supreme Court case Terry v.
  250. administration

    the act of governing or exercising authority
    The outrage over new security procedures enforced by the Transportation Security
    Administration has thrust the word pat-down into the news.
  251. hands

    guardianship over
    Frisk is remarkably old, as both a verb and a noun referring to the act of searching for a weapon or contraband by passing
    hands over the body of a clothed person.
  252. permit

    allow the presence of or allow without opposing
    Ohio,
    permitting police officers to conduct pat-downs if there is reasonable suspicion of a crime.
  253. U.S.

    North American republic containing 50 states - 48 conterminous states in North America plus Alaska in northwest North America and the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific Ocean; achieved independence in 1776
    Airline passenger screenings in the
    U.S. now involve full-body scans, or if the passenger refuses the scan, a full-body pat-down.
  254. back

    the posterior part of a human (or animal) body
    The Oxford English Dictionary includes this expression in its latest online revision of the entry for pat, with citations
    back to 1953.
  255. higher

    advanced in complexity or elaboration
    He said he was facing the wall with his back to the officers and that he didn't know which one had "patted him down" and searched his billfold.

    1948 New York Amsterdam News 10 July 25/3 The $10 was taken from him when he was "patted down" by the police on the original arrest, he said.

    1949 Baltimore Afro-American 10 Dec. 4/4 If you drive a new car, especially one of the
    higher-priced models, you're fair game for Philly police who pat you down like a common criminal even before...

  256. instance

    an item of information that is typical of a class or group
    The phrasal verb pat down then became a noun, pat-down, to refer to a specific
    instance of frisking.
  257. case

    an occurrence of something
    The earliest OED citation is a court
    case from 1964:

    1964 Calif.

  258. property

    something owned
    They frisk him, that is, search him to find pawn-brokers duplicates, turnpike tickets, writings, or
    property that may tend to a discovery.
  259. season

    one of the natural periods into which the year is divided by the equinoxes and solstices or atmospheric conditions
    The way things are going this holiday
    season, travelers will be thinking up many more sarcastic alternatives to the pat-down as they navigate the brave new world of airport security
  260. fix

    restore by replacing a part or putting together what is torn or broken
    Elsewhere, Parker includes frisk as a noun:

    You'd snitch upon us, and soon have the traps, and
    fix us, in putting a lap-feeder in our sack, that you or your blowen had prig'd yourselves, though we should stand the frisk for it.

  261. expression

    the communication of your beliefs or opinions
    The Oxford English Dictionary includes this
    expression in its latest online revision of the entry for pat, with citations back to 1953.
  262. writing

    symbols imprinted on a surface to represent sounds or words
    They frisk him, that is, search him to find pawn-brokers duplicates, turnpike tickets,
    writings, or property that may tend to a discovery.
  263. raised

    located or moved above the surround or above the normal position
    Here are five examples from the 1940s:

    1943 Atlanta Daily World 17 Mar. 6/2 Officer Nash said he patted Wilson down, searching for a weapon and found a big 45-calibre pistol.

    1948 Baltimore Afro-American 20 Mar. 2/6 "Then they patted us down to see if we were armed," Miss Mack stated.

    1948 Atlanta Daily World 2 July 5/2 Blaine stated that he
    raised his hands while office Bryant "patted him down."

  264. thinking

    endowed with the capacity to reason
    The way things are going this holiday season, travelers will be
    thinking up many more sarcastic alternatives to the pat-down as they navigate the brave new world of airport security
  265. conduct

    the way a person behaves toward other people
    Ohio, permitting police officers to
    conduct pat-downs if there is reasonable suspicion of a crime.
  266. both

    (used with count nouns) two considered together; the two
    Frisk is remarkably old, as
    both a verb and a noun referring to the act of searching for a weapon or contraband by passing hands over the body of a clothed person.
  267. car

    a motor vehicle with four wheels
    He said he was facing the wall with his back to the officers and that he didn't know which one had "patted him down" and searched his billfold.

    1948 New York Amsterdam News 10 July 25/3 The $10 was taken from him when he was "patted down" by the police on the original arrest, he said.

    1949 Baltimore Afro-American 10 Dec. 4/4 If you drive a new
    car, especially one of the higher-priced models, you're fair game for Philly police who pat you down like a common criminal even before...

  268. plain

    simple
    While the TSA faces backlash against these so-called "enhanced pat-downs" (an unfortunate term reminiscent of "enhanced interrogation techniques" at Guantanamo),
    plain-old pat-downs have been part of the lexicon of law enforcement for decades.
  269. over

    beyond the top or upper surface or edge
    The outrage
    over new security procedures enforced by the Transportation Security Administration has thrust the word pat-down into the news.
  270. language

    a means of communicating by the use of sounds or symbols
    George Parker's 1789 book Life's Painter includes an extensive glossary of "cant" (the
    language of the underworld), and frisk is included:

    Frisk'd.

  271. official

    of or relating to a place of business
    Both frisk and pat-down moved from slang to
    official usage, particularly after the terms were enshrined in legal casework such as the 1968 Supreme Court case Terry v.
  272. laid

    set down according to a plan
    If you're let down (disappointed), it's a letdown; if you're knocked down (
    laid out in a fight), it's a knock-down; if you're put down (insulted), it's a put-down.
  273. getting

    the act of acquiring something
    In these papers,
    getting "patted down" is frequently mentioned in reports of police searches and detentions, with African Americans bearing the brunt of the activity.
  274. accept

    receive willingly something given or offered
    The stop and frisk is now an
    accepted police procedure in many states.
  275. especially

    to a distinctly greater extent or degree than is common
    He said he was facing the wall with his back to the officers and that he didn't know which one had "patted him down" and searched his billfold.

    1948 New York Amsterdam News 10 July 25/3 The $10 was taken from him when he was "patted down" by the police on the original arrest, he said.

    1949 Baltimore Afro-American 10 Dec. 4/4 If you drive a new car,
    especially one of the higher-priced models, you're fair game for Philly police who pat you down like a common criminal even before...

  276. thank

    express gratitude or show appreciation to
    We can extend that back another decade,
    thanks to the availability of historical African-American newspapers in the ProQuest digitized database.
  277. price

    the amount of money needed to purchase something
    He said he was facing the wall with his back to the officers and that he didn't know which one had "patted him down" and searched his billfold.

    1948 New York Amsterdam News 10 July 25/3 The $10 was taken from him when he was "patted down" by the police on the original arrest, he said.

    1949 Baltimore Afro-American 10 Dec. 4/4 If you drive a new car, especially one of the higher-
    priced models, you're fair game for Philly police who pat you down like a common criminal even before...

  278. game

    an amusement or pastime
    He said he was facing the wall with his back to the officers and that he didn't know which one had "patted him down" and searched his billfold.

    1948 New York Amsterdam News 10 July 25/3 The $10 was taken from him when he was "patted down" by the police on the original arrest, he said.

    1949 Baltimore Afro-American 10 Dec. 4/4 If you drive a new car, especially one of the higher-priced models, you're fair
    game for Philly police who pat you down like a common criminal even before...

  279. mention

    make reference to
    In these papers, getting "patted down" is frequently
    mentioned in reports of police searches and detentions, with African Americans bearing the brunt of the activity.
  280. become

    come into existence
    Though most of this cant never moved beyond the world of thieves, frisking entered mainstream usage, eventually
    becoming a standard term in American law enforcement for searches of suspects' outer garments for weapons or other items concealed underneath.
  281. George

    King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1760 to 1820
    George Parker's 1789 book Life's Painter includes an extensive glossary of "cant" (the language of the underworld), and frisk is included:

    Frisk'd.

  282. face

    the front of the human head from the forehead to the chin
    While the TSA
    faces backlash against these so-called "enhanced pat-downs" (an unfortunate term reminiscent of "enhanced interrogation techniques" at Guantanamo), plain-old pat-downs have been part of the lexicon of law enforcement for decades.
  283. though

    (postpositive) however
    Elsewhere, Parker includes frisk as a noun:

    You'd snitch upon us, and soon have the traps, and fix us, in putting a lap-feeder in our sack, that you or your blowen had prig'd yourselves,
    though we should stand the frisk for it.

  284. fair

    free from favoritism, bias, or deception
    He said he was facing the wall with his back to the officers and that he didn't know which one had "patted him down" and searched his billfold.

    1948 New York Amsterdam News 10 July 25/3 The $10 was taken from him when he was "patted down" by the police on the original arrest, he said.

    1949 Baltimore Afro-American 10 Dec. 4/4 If you drive a new car, especially one of the higher-priced models, you're
    fair game for Philly police who pat you down like a common criminal even before...

  285. Here

    queen of the Olympian gods in ancient Greek mythology
    Here are five examples from the 1940s:

    1943 Atlanta Daily World 17 Mar. 6/2 Officer Nash said he patted Wilson down, searching for a weapon and found a big 45-calibre pistol.

    1948 Baltimore Afro-American 20 Mar. 2/6 "Then they patted us down to see if we were armed," Miss Mack stated.

    1948 Atlanta Daily World 2 July 5/2 Blaine stated that he raised his hands while office Bryant "patted him down."

  286. century

    a period of 100 years
    In the mid-20th
    century, a new slang term emerged in the U.S. for frisking: "patting someone down."
  287. found

    food and lodging provided in addition to money
    Here are five examples from the 1940s:

    1943 Atlanta Daily World 17 Mar. 6/2 Officer Nash said he patted Wilson down, searching for a weapon and
    found a big 45-calibre pistol.

    1948 Baltimore Afro-American 20 Mar. 2/6 "Then they patted us down to see if we were armed," Miss Mack stated.

    1948 Atlanta Daily World 2 July 5/2 Blaine stated that he raised his hands while office Bryant "patted him down."

  288. beyond

    farther along in space or time or degree
    Though most of this cant never moved
    beyond the world of thieves, frisking entered mainstream usage, eventually becoming a standard term in American law enforcement for searches of suspects' outer garments for weapons or other items concealed underneath.
  289. court

    an assembly to conduct judicial business
    The earliest OED citation is a
    court case from 1964:

    1964 Calif.

  290. New York

    the largest city in New York State and in the United States
    He said he was facing the wall with his back to the officers and that he didn't know which one had "patted him down" and searched his billfold.

    1948
    New York Amsterdam News 10 July 25/3 The $10 was taken from him when he was "patted down" by the police on the original arrest, he said.

    1949 Baltimore Afro-American 10 Dec. 4/4 If you drive a new car, especially one of the higher-priced models, you're fair game for Philly police who pat you down like a common criminal even before...

  291. while

    a period of indeterminate length marked by some action
    While the TSA faces backlash against these so-called "enhanced pat-downs" (an unfortunate term reminiscent of "enhanced interrogation techniques" at Guantanamo), plain-old pat-downs have been part of the lexicon of law enforcement for decades.
  292. York

    the English royal house that reigned from 1461 to 1485
    He said he was facing the wall with his back to the officers and that he didn't know which one had "patted him down" and searched his billfold.

    1948 New
    York Amsterdam News 10 July 25/3 The $10 was taken from him when he was "patted down" by the police on the original arrest, he said.

    1949 Baltimore Afro-American 10 Dec. 4/4 If you drive a new car, especially one of the higher-priced models, you're fair game for Philly police who pat you down like a common criminal even before...

  293. paper

    a material made of cellulose pulp derived mainly from wood or rags or certain grasses
    In these
    papers, getting "patted down" is frequently mentioned in reports of police searches and detentions, with African Americans bearing the brunt of the activity.
  294. one

    smallest whole number or a numeral representing this number
    He said he was facing the wall with his back to the officers and that he didn't know which
    one had "patted him down" and searched his billfold.

    1948 New York Amsterdam News 10 July 25/3 The $10 was taken from him when he was "patted down" by the police on the original arrest, he said.

    1949 Baltimore Afro-American 10 Dec. 4/4 If you drive a new car, especially one of the higher-priced models, you're fair game for Philly police who pat you down like a common criminal even before...

  295. wall

    an architectural partition with a height and length greater than its thickness; used to divide or enclose an area or to support another structure
    He said he was facing the
    wall with his back to the officers and that he didn't know which one had "patted him down" and searched his billfold.

    1948 New York Amsterdam News 10 July 25/3 The $10 was taken from him when he was "patted down" by the police on the original arrest, he said.

    1949 Baltimore Afro-American 10 Dec. 4/4 If you drive a new car, especially one of the higher-priced models, you're fair game for Philly police who pat you down like a common criminal even before...

  296. common

    having no special distinction or quality
    He said he was facing the wall with his back to the officers and that he didn't know which one had "patted him down" and searched his billfold.

    1948 New York Amsterdam News 10 July 25/3 The $10 was taken from him when he was "patted down" by the police on the original arrest, he said.

    1949 Baltimore Afro-American 10 Dec. 4/4 If you drive a new car, especially one of the higher-priced models, you're fair game for Philly police who pat you down like a
    common criminal even before...

  297. past

    earlier than the present time; no longer current
    The "enhanced" pat-downs of the TSA have been the source of much ridicule over the
    past couple of weeks.
  298. report

    to give an account or representation of in words
    In these papers, getting "patted down" is frequently mentioned in
    reports of police searches and detentions, with African Americans bearing the brunt of the activity.
  299. many

    amounting to a large but indefinite number
    The stop and frisk is now an accepted police procedure in
    many states.
  300. drive

    operate or control a vehicle
    He said he was facing the wall with his back to the officers and that he didn't know which one had "patted him down" and searched his billfold.

    1948 New York Amsterdam News 10 July 25/3 The $10 was taken from him when he was "patted down" by the police on the original arrest, he said.

    1949 Baltimore Afro-American 10 Dec. 4/4 If you
    drive a new car, especially one of the higher-priced models, you're fair game for Philly police who pat you down like a common criminal even before...

  301. account

    a record or narrative description of past events
    One such fake slogan, from the fake Twitter
    account TSAgov, is: "It's not a grope.
  302. office

    place of business where professional duties are performed
    Here are five examples from the 1940s:

    1943 Atlanta Daily World 17 Mar. 6/2 Officer Nash said he patted Wilson down, searching for a weapon and found a big 45-calibre pistol.

    1948 Baltimore Afro-American 20 Mar. 2/6 "Then they patted us down to see if we were armed," Miss Mack stated.

    1948 Atlanta Daily World 2 July 5/2 Blaine stated that he raised his hands while
    office Bryant "patted him down."

  303. old

    having lived for a long time or attained a specific age
    While the TSA faces backlash against these so-called "enhanced pat-downs" (an unfortunate term reminiscent of "enhanced interrogation techniques" at Guantanamo), plain-
    old pat-downs have been part of the lexicon of law enforcement for decades.
Created on November 23, 2010