legal terms

Every time I get a legal term, I 'm going to list it.


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definitions & notes
only words

  1. contract

    a binding agreement that is enforceable by law
  2. consideration

    the process of giving careful thought to something
  3. negligence

    failure to act with the prudence of a reasonable person
  4. precedent

    an example that is used to justify similar occurrences
  5. infringement

    an act that disregards an agreement or a right
  6. perjury

    criminal offense of making false statements under oath
  7. statute

    an act passed by a legislative body
  8. sue

    institute legal proceedings against; file a suit against
  9. challenge

    a call to engage in a contest or fight
  10. void

    an empty area or space
  11. lewd

    suggestive of or tending to moral looseness
  12. detention

    a state of being confined (usually for a short time)
  13. parole

    a conditional release from imprisonment
  14. misdemeanour

    a crime less serious than a felony
  15. injunction

    a judicial remedy to prohibit a party from doing something
  16. summons

    a request to be present
  17. writ

    a legal document issued by a court or judicial officer
  18. frustration

    an act of hindering someone's plans or efforts
  19. bar

    a rigid piece of metal or wood
  20. bench

    a long seat for more than one person
  21. trespass

    enter unlawfully on someone's property
  22. interrogation

    an instance of questioning
  23. apprehend

    anticipate with dread or anxiety
  24. magistrate

    a lay judge or civil authority who administers the law
  25. marshal

    a military officer of highest rank
  26. embezzlement

    the fraudulent appropriation of funds or property
  27. malpractice

    professional wrongdoing that results in injury or damage
  28. fugitive

    someone who is sought by law officers
  29. torture

    infliction of suffering to punish or obtain information
  30. acquitted

    declared not guilty of a specific offense or crime
  31. affidavit

    written declaration made under oath
  32. barrister

    a British lawyer who speaks in the higher courts of law
  33. solicitor

    a British lawyer who gives legal advice
  34. chancellor

    the person who is head of state (in several countries)
  35. equity

    the quality of being fair, reasonable, or impartial
  36. piracy

    the act of plagiarizing
  37. grill

    a framework of metal bars used as a partition or a grate
  38. class action

    a lawsuit brought by a representative member of a large group of people on behalf of all members of the group
  39. common-law marriage

    a marriage relationship created by agreement and cohabitation rather than by ceremony
  40. canon law

    the body of codified laws governing the affairs of a Christian church
  41. boarding

    the act of passengers and crew getting aboard a ship or aircraft
  42. jurisprudence

    the branch of philosophy concerned with the law
  43. libel

    a false and malicious publication
  44. curfew

    an order that after a certain time activities are prohibited
  45. espionage

    the systematic use of spies to obtain secrets
  46. treason

    a crime that undermines the offender's government
  47. abduction

    the criminal act of carrying someone away by force
  48. autopsy

    an examination and dissection of a dead body
  49. impeachment

    a formal document charging a public official with misconduct
  50. collective bargaining

    negotiation between an employer and a trade union
  51. verdict

    findings of a jury on issues submitted to it for decision
  52. legislation

    the act of making or enacting laws
  53. repudiate

    refuse to acknowledge, ratify, or recognize as valid
  54. perpetrator

    someone who commits wrongdoing
  55. offender

    a person who transgresses moral or civil law
  56. culprit

    someone or something responsible for harm or wrongdoing
  57. estoppel

    a rule of evidence whereby a person is barred from denying the truth of a fact that has already been settled
  58. tenancy

    the act or state of being an occupant
  59. deed

    a legal document to effect a transfer of property
  60. surety

    something clearly established
  61. clause

    a separate section of a legal document
  62. performance

    the act of doing something successfully
  63. implied trust

    a trust inferred by operation of law
  64. foreclosure

    proceedings initiated to repossess the collateral for a loan
  65. bankruptcy

    a legal process for a corporation declared to be insolvent
  66. roundup

    the activity of gathering livestock together so that they can be counted or branded or sold
  67. security interest

    any interest in a property that secures the payment of an obligation
  68. juvenile delinquency

    an antisocial misdeed in violation of the law by a minor
  69. expiration

    a coming to an end of a contract period
  70. convict

    find or declare guilty
  71. ordinance

    an authoritative rule
  72. suspended

    supported or kept from sinking or falling by buoyancy
  73. sentence

    a string of words satisfying grammatical rules of a language
  74. discovery

    the act of finding something
  75. felony

    a serious crime, such as murder or arson
  76. adjudicate

    hear a case and sit as the judge at the trial of
  77. arraign

    accuse of a wrong or an inadequacy
  78. bail

    money forfeited if the accused fails to appear in court
  79. assault

    attack someone physically or emotionally
  80. dissent

    a difference of opinion
  81. non compos mentis

    not of sound mind, memory, or understanding
  82. fiat

    a legally binding command or decision
  83. evict

    expel or eject without recourse to legal process
  84. aggravated

    made more severe or intense especially in law
  85. refutation

    the act of determining that something is false
  86. force majeure

    a natural and unavoidable catastrophe
  87. complaint

    an expression of grievance or resentment
Created on May 10, 2011
(updated October 5, 2013)