Jew




A Jew is someone who believes in the Jewish faith or has a cultural connection to Judaism. If your parents are Jewish, you’re likely to describe yourself as a Jew.

If you’re a Jew, you most likely share a religious and ethnic background with other Jewish people. While some people convert to Judaism, most Jews trace their heritage back to common ancestors. Observant Jews worship on Saturdays and celebrate many holidays throughout the year. The Greek root of the word Jew is Ioudaios, from Aramic and Hebrew. The Hebrew word for Jew, y’hudi, comes from the name Y’hudah, or Judah.

Definitions of Jew
  1. noun

    a person belonging to the worldwide group claiming descent from Jacob (or converted to it) and connected by cultural or religious ties

    synonyms:
    Hebrew, Israelite
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    examples:

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    Lot

    (Old Testament) nephew of Abraham; God destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah but chose to spare Lot and his family who were told to flee without looking back at the destruction
    Jesus of Nazareth

    a teacher and prophet born in Bethlehem and active in Nazareth; his life and sermons form the basis for Christianity (circa 4 BC – AD 29)
    Lot’s wife

    (Old Testament) when God destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, Lot and his family were told to flee without looking back; Lot’s wife was disobedient and was immediately changed into a pillar of salt
    Esther

    (Old Testament) a beautiful Jewess chosen by the king of Persia to be his queen; she stopped a plot to massacre all the Jews in Persia (an event celebrated by Jews as the feast of Purim)
    Jezebel

    wife of Ahab who was king of Israel; according to the Old Testament she was a cruel immoral queen who fostered the worship of Baal and tried to kill Elijah and other prophets of Israel (9th century BC)
    Joseph ben Matthias

    Jewish general who led the revolt of the Jews against the Romans and then wrote a history of those events (37-100)
    Blessed Virgin

    the mother of Jesus; Christians refer to her as the Virgin Mary; she is especially honored by Roman Catholics
    types:

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    Ashkenazi

    a Jew of eastern European or German descent
    Conservative Jew

    Jew who keeps some requirements of Mosaic law but adapts others to suit modern circumstances
    Essene

    a member of an ascetic Jewish sect around the time of Jesus
    Jewess

    a woman who is a Jew
    Levite

    a member of the Hebrew tribe of Levi (especially the branch that provided male assistants to the temple priests)
    Orthodox Jew

    Jew who practices strict observance of Mosaic law
    Pharisee

    a member of an ancient Jewish sect noted for strict obedience to Jewish traditions
    Reform Jew

    liberal Jew who tries to adapt all aspects of Judaism to modern circumstances
    Sadducee

    a member of an ancient Jewish sect around the time of Jesus; opposed to the Pharisees
    Sephardi, Sephardic Jew

    a Jew who is of Spanish or Portuguese or North African descent
    Wandering Jew

    a legendary Jew condemned to roam the world for mocking Jesus at the Crucifixion
    Zealot

    a member of an ancient Jewish sect in Judea in the first century who fought to the death against the Romans and who killed or persecuted Jews who collaborated with the Romans
    Zionist

    a Jewish supporter of Zionism
    Chasid, Chassid, Hasid, Hassid

    a member of a Jewish sect that observes a form of strict Orthodox Judaism
    Lubavitcher

    a member of the Lubavitch movement; a follower of Chabad Hasidism
    type of:

    individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul

    a human being

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