The adjective primal describes something that’s essential or basic, like the primal urge to protect yourself and your family from harm.

The Latin root of primal is primus, which means first. If your friend talks about his primal self, he means the most basic, important part of who he is. You can think of this as a first priority, just as the primal urges of all animals is survival. Primal can also describe something that’s original, or at its earliest stage, like a primal or primeval forest, the most ancient example of that kind of terrain.

Definitions of primal
  1. adjective

    having existed from the beginning; in an earliest or original stage or state

    primal eras before the appearance of life on earth”
    aboriginal, primaeval, primeval, primordial


    at or near the beginning of a period of time or course of events or before the usual or expected time
  2. adjective

    serving as an essential component

    cardinal, central, fundamental, key

    important, of import

    of great significance or value

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