second




A second may be one-sixtieth of a minute or the item after first. If you ask whether you’re second in line, the hostess might reply, “Give me a second and I’ll tell you.”

Different meanings of the word second have evolved from the same background, which is the Latin word secundus, which means “next” or “following.” Many of the meanings of second follow that idea of a linear “next,” including “second base” (comes after “first base”). Back when duels were commonly fought, each dueler chose a second, a friend whose job it was to see that the fight followed the rules. You might have second thoughts about entering a duel, and rightfully so.

Definitions of second
  1. adjective

    coming next after the first in position in space or time or degree or magnitude

    synonyms:
    2d, 2nd

    ordinal

    being or denoting a numerical order in a series
  2. noun

    following the first in an ordering or series

    “he came in a close
    second
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    types:

    latter

    the second of two or the second mentioned of two
    type of:

    rank

    relative status

  3. noun

    the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is stationed near the second of the bases in the infield

    synonyms:
    second base
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    type of:

    position

    (in team sports) the role assigned to an individual player

  4. noun

    the gear that has the second lowest forward gear ratio in the gear box of a motor vehicle

    “he had to shift down into
    second to make the hill”
    synonyms:
    second gear
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    type of:

    gear, gear mechanism

    a mechanism for transmitting motion for some specific purpose (as the steering gear of a vehicle)

  5. adverb

    in the second place

    second, we must consider the economy”
    synonyms:
    secondly

  6. noun

    1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d’Unites

    synonyms:
    s, sec
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    types:

    leap second

    a second (as measured by an atomic clock) added to or subtracted from Greenwich Mean Time in order to compensate for slowing in the Earth’s rotation
    type of:

    time unit, unit of time

    a unit for measuring time periods

  7. noun

    a particular point in time

    synonyms:
    instant, minute, moment
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    types:

    show 9 types…
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    climax, culmination

    the decisive moment in a novel or play
    eleventh hour, last minute

    the latest possible moment
    moment of truth

    a crucial moment on which much depends
    moment of truth

    the moment in a bullfight when the matador kills the bull
    pinpoint

    a very brief moment
    time

    a suitable moment
    psychological moment

    the most appropriate time for achieving a desired effect
    high time

    the latest possible moment
    occasion

    the time of a particular event
    type of:

    point, point in time

    an instant of time

  8. noun

    an indefinitely short time

    synonyms:
    bit, minute, mo, moment
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    types:

    New York minute, blink of an eye, flash, heartbeat, instant, jiffy, split second, trice, twinkling, wink

    a very short time (as the time it takes the eye to blink or the heart to beat)
    type of:

    time

    an indefinite period (usually marked by specific attributes or activities)

  9. noun

    a 60th part of a minute of arc

    “the treasure is 2 minutes and 45
    seconds south of here”
    synonyms:
    arcsecond
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    type of:

    angular unit

    a unit of measurement for angles

  10. noun

    the official attendant of a contestant in a duel or boxing match

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    type of:

    attendant, attender, tender

    someone who waits on or tends to or attends to the needs of another

  11. noun

    a speech seconding a motion

    “do I hear a
    second?”
    synonyms:
    endorsement, indorsement, secondment
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    type of:

    agreement

    the verbal act of agreeing

  12. verb

    give support or one’s approval to

    “I’ll
    second that motion”
    synonyms:
    back, endorse, indorse

    back, endorse, indorse, plump for, plunk for, support

    be behind; approve of
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    type of:

    back up, support

    give moral or psychological support, aid, or courage to

  13. noun

    merchandise that has imperfections; usually sold at a reduced price without the brand name

    synonyms:
    irregular
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    type of:

    merchandise, product, ware

    commodities offered for sale

  14. adjective

    a part or voice or instrument or orchestra section lower in pitch than or subordinate to the first

    second flute”
    “the
    second violins”
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    Antonyms:

    first

    highest in pitch or chief among parts or voices or instruments or orchestra sections

  15. verb

    transfer an employee to a different, temporary assignment

    “The officer was
    seconded for duty overseas”
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    type of:

    reassign, transfer

    transfer somebody to a different position or location of work

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